Determinants and the perceived effects of adoption of sustainable improved food crop technologies by smallholder farmers along the value chain in Nigeria

Abiodun Elijah Obayelu, Peter Adebola Okuneye, Adebayo Musediku Shittu, Carolyn Afolake Afolami, Adewale Oladapo Dipeolu

Abstract


Adoption of improved agricultural technologies is fundamental to transformation of sustainable farming system, and a driving force for increasing agricultural productivity. This study provides empirical evidence on the determinants, and the perceived effects of adoption of improved food crop technologies in Nigeria. It is a cross-sectional survey of available technologies and 1,663 farm households in Nigeria. Data were analyzed with both descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed very low technology adoption index. Available food crop production technologies used by sampled respondents were assessed as effective, appropriate, readily available, affordable, durable, user and gender friendly, with requisite skill to use them. However, processing technologies such as cabinet dryer were observed as unaffordable, not durable, not gender or users friendly. Packaging machines are also not users or gender friendly; washing machine not affordable, durable and gender friendly. Grain processing technologies like De-stoner, grading, and packaging machines are still not locally available and affordable. While parboilers have a negative impact on product quality, farmers’ health and the environment, tomato grinding machines have positive impact on the quality of the product, health of the users, yield and negatively affect the environment. The main determinants of adoption are the crop types, farm size and locations. Adoption of herbicide and inorganic fertilizer were influenced by travel cost to nearest place of acquisition, while the age of farmer has a positive and significant influence on the adoption of pesticide, water management and cassava harvester. Interestingly, male farmers only exhibit greater likelihood of adopting land preparation, inorganic and organic fertilizer technologies compared to their female counterpart. Therefore, policy options that consider all users at the development stages, favour reduction of travel cost, increase farm size are recommended to encourage sustainable adoption of improved food cop technologies.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akubuilo, C. J. C. (1982). Adoption of innovations among farmers in Anambra State. Unpublished M.Sc Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Nigeria Nsukka.

Augustine. L. and Mulugeta M, (2005). Modeling agricultural technology adoption using the soft ware STATA, training manual presented at a training course organized by CIMMYT-ALP Harare Zimbabwe

Ayinde, O. E, Adewumi M. O, Olatunji G. B, and Babalola O A. (2010). Determinants of Adoption of Downy Mildew Resistant Maize by Small-Scale Farmers in Kwara State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, 10(1):32-35

Berhanu G., Swinton S.M. (2003). Investment in Soil Conservation in Northern Ethiopia: The Role of Land Tenure Security and Public Programme. Agricultural Economics, 29 (2003):69-84.

Doss, C.R. (2006). Analysing adoption using microstudies: limitations, challenges, and opportunities for improvement. Agricultural Economics 34 (2006):207-219.

Feder, G. L., Just, R.E. and Zilberman, D. (1985). Adoption of agricultural innovations in developing countries: a survey. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 32(2) : 255-298

Hassen, B. (2014). Factors Affecting the Adoption and Intensity of Use of Improved Forages in North East Highlands of Ethiopia. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 4(1): 12-27,

Idrisa, Y. L., Shehu, H., and Ngamdu, M. B. (2012). Effects of Adoption of Improved Maize Seed on Household Food Security in Gwoza Local Government Area of Borno State, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research, 12(5-D)

Langyintuo, A. S. and Mungoma, C. (2008). The effect of household wealth on the adoption of improved maize varieties in Zambia. Food Policy, 33: 550-559

Meena, G.L. and Punjabi, N. K. (2012). Farmer’s perception towards agriculture technology in tribal region of Rajasthan. Rajasthan Journal of Extension Education, 20: 92-96

Obayelu, A. E., Okuneye, P.A., Shittu, A. M., Afolami C.A. and A. O. Dipeolu (2015). Adoption and the Perceived Impact of Food Crops Technologies along the Value Chain by the Nigerian Farmers a. In Tielkes, E. (ed.) Tropentag 2015 proceedings on “Management of land use systems for enhanced food security – conflicts, controversies and resolutions” held from 16 to 18 September 2015 at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany. http://www.tropentag.de/2015/abstracts/full/81.pdf

Rogers, E.M. (2005). Diffusion of Innovations. The Free Press. 4th Edition, New York.

Toborn J. (2011). Adoption of agricultural innovations, converging narratives, and the role of Swedish agricultural research for development? Draft discussion paper, version 2011-01-28

Viatte, G. (2001). Adopting technologies for sustainable farming systems: an OECD perspective. In Proceedings of Adoption of Technologies for Sustainable Farming Systems Wageningen Workshop. 21p. OECD Publications, Paris Cedex.

Yirga, C. (2006). The Dynamics of soil degradation and incentives for optimal management in the central highlands of Ethiopia. PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, South Africa.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12895/jaeid.20161.436